This is an essential book for professionals such as psychologists, lawyers, social workers, therapists, police and students. This book explores the findings of the first British study of persistent young offenders. This is a detailed and thorough study of work with juvenile offenders, which will be of particular value to those interested in less punitive approaches. Abstract Is there a small group of juveniles responsible for a large proportion of juvenile crime? Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 51 2 : 131-167. Generally, chronic and persistent youth offenders experience a number of complex and influential factors, such as mental health issues, family violence and breakdown, negative peer associations and gang involvement, school difficulties, and unsafe communities. A court decides whether a person is a persistent offender and the law relies on the dictionary definition of persistent.
They are applicable also to others with various psychological disorders in the wider community. Based on a sample of several hundred young people who had been arrested three times or more in one year, it considers the nature and extent of their offending and examines their experiences of the criminal justice system. By the end of the decade considerable progress in this direction had been achieved. Overall macro patterns of use of custody have been shown to relate to ideological swings in policy throughout this period. As such, early identification of risk factors and subsequent intervention is important in order to promote resiliency. Young offending is perceived as a serious social problem and always remains near the top of the political agenda.
Prepared for the Alberta Law Foundation and the National Crime Prevention Centre. Their primary focus is on prevention and intervention to reduce reoffending. How does the criminal justice system cope with them? The review of community-based and police programs for youth offenders shows that this multi-agency approach to managing chronic and persistent youth offenders is most commonly used in Manitoba. They do not use a formal protocol to target youth, but rather assess risk factors for specific youth who have been referred to them. While each police service has modified the program to the needs of their communities, including expansion of the program to address specific criminal trends such as break and enters and auto theft, all of the services have maintained a similar focus on monitoring and enforcement. Prepared for the Roots of Youth Violence Report.
We now want to build on the success of the pledge by concentrating on the most high-risk youth offenders. In addition, different methods of identifying the most persistent offenders are assessed. While some police officers interviewed discussed the need for a standardized screening tool to assess which youth should be included in their programs, assessing these youth remains complex. These are all key questions which are addressed by the contributors to the volume. The first part of the paper provides a brief overview of crime and violence in contemporary urban Nicaragua, exploring some of its socio-economic consequences and situating gang violence within it. Police officers noted that mental health conditions may inhibit the success of programs that target youth solely based on their criminal history. There are also a number of police-based programs in Ontario that focus on monitoring and enforcement.
Therefore, police services that decide to use a crime-specific targeting strategy in their communities are unlikely to use an offender driven strategy as well. The volume addresses from a cross-disciplinary perspective the multifarious relationship between globalisation on the one hand, and criminal law and justice on the other hand. This section discusses the implications of the findings from the review, and identifies areas for future work to advance knowledge on these practices and programs for youth offenders. The implication of this is that chronic and persistent youth offenders receive services on the basis of their dispositions and individual assessments during intake. We suggest this study provides an important contribution to the evidence base of what works with child and juvenile offenders and we suggest that an increased focus on understanding effective intervention with very young offenders is required. Program information was collected from representatives who were not formally involved in the program, which sometimes led to little information about the program being obtained.
This often results in a case-by-case intervention strategy for chronic and persistent youth offenders. The teams specifically target and monitor high risk youth, while also providing rehabilitative services. Many police representatives interviewed spoke about allocating resources to preventative initiatives, such as school liaison and diversion programs. The backgrounds, criminal histories, educational experiences, contact with welfare and the use of drugs and alcohol by these young offenders are all considered, and the results are used to evaluate current proposals for dealing with the problem of persistent offending by young people. Delinquency in a Birth Cohort. This new approach means that for the first time, we will be targeting the combined efforts of the criminal justice agencies in a more holistic way on managing the offending of a common group of priority young offenders with an explicit focus on reducing their reoffending.
Similarly, the number of cases referred by the courts has decreased by 22. Of the teenagers that are jailed, two out of three go on to reoffend within a year of their release. This often results in a case-by-case intervention strategy for chronic and persistent youth offenders. In addition, due to the time constraints of the study, there were some requests for information that were still being processed when the data collection period ended. The Labour Party used the case to indicate its new and tougher approach to law and order and to make the party more electable in the face of rising public concern about crime. A fine example of the practical value of realistic evaluation, the book's robustly evidenced central message - that successful youth justice requires much more than the clockwork administration of correctional programmes because the contexts of interventions and the relational style in which they are enacted matter at least as much as their content - simply cannot be repeated often enough at present. Local police charges data were also collected for both groups as an indicator of offending behaviour.
The group will be identified locally by youth offending teams who will determine who should be targeted under the area's prolific and priority offender programme. Since this initiative has begun, the pilot sites have seen a significant drop in crime rates, particularly with respect to property crime. The E-mail message field is required. The range, severity and diversity of the difficulties experienced by the young people even in our small local sample should caution us about the search for generalisations both about 'persistent young offenders' and about 'remedies'. Police members from the Youth Services Section meet with key representatives from probation and social work every second week to determine who should be monitored.